Revach L'Neshama RSS feed for - Section: PARSHAS HASHAVUA Category:HAFTORAH Copyright 2007, Revach L'Neshama en-US Revach L'Neshama Logo 144 31 Fri, 03 Dec 2021 03:00:00 +0000 240 VaEschanan-Nachamu: Rav Yisachar Dov of Belz - The Nechama Of Anochi Hashem Elokecha
The Aseres HaDibros begins, "Anochi Hashem Elokecha."  The Medrash asks, "Why does it say Elokecha in the singular instead of the plural Elokeichem?"  The Medrash answers that this gave Bnei Yisrael a leg to stand on after the Eigel.  They defended themselves claiming that Hashem said, "Anochi Hashem," to only one person, Moshe Rabbeinu and not to all of them. 

Rav Yisachar Dov of Belz says that this can explain the meaning of the pasuk, "Nachamu Nachamu Ami Yomar Elokeichem."  Despite that Hashem took away the Bais HaMikdash and the lives of so many, it could have been much worse considering the aveiros of Bnei Yisrael.  Take comfort in the fact that Yomar Elokeichem, that in the Aseres HaDibros Hashem could have said Elokeichem but chose not to.  This slight change of the word is the guarantee of your survival.

Fri, 12 Aug 2011 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Shoftim: Rav Yehonoson Eibshitz - Only Hashem's Bais HaMikdash Will Last Forever

In this week's haftorah ( Yeshaya 51:12-52:13) Hashem tells the Bnei Yisrael that He will console them. The Yalkut Shimoni says that Avrohom couldn't console them because he called the Bais HaMikdash "Har" a mountain, neither could Yitzchok because he called it a "Sadeh", and neither could Yaakov who called it a "Bayis", house.

Reb Yehonoson Eibshitz explains this enigmatic Medrash and says that Bnei Yisrael couldn't be consoled with a promise of the rebuilding of the Bais HaMikdash because they were afraid that eventually their aveiros would cause it to be destroyed just like the previous ones. Avrohom's consolation fortelling of the future rebuilding didn't satisfy them. Avrohom referred to the Bais HaMikdash as a mountain and the pasuk says in tehilim "Mi Yaaleh BeHar Hashem...Neki Kapayim...; Who can go onto the mountain of Hashem only people with innocent hands and hearts." In that case they knew the Bais HaMikdash would rise and fall on their purity, not a good thing for them to hear.

Yitzhchok called it a Sadeh, a field which is open to all, including the non-Jews, with whose help it was built, allowing them to stake a claim to it as well. It was this influence of theirs that allowed the Bais HaMikdash to ultimately fall into their murderous and destructive hands. Yaakov called it a house. To enter Hashem's house requires the utmost modesty and humbleness, a level that they were afraid they could not maintain.

Only when Hashem said, "Anochi, Anochi, Hu Minachemchem." Hashem whose building and handiwork survives forever with no preconditions, were the Bnei Yisreal finally consoled.

Fri, 13 Aug 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Re'eh: No Politics To Slow Us Down

The Malbim explains that after Hashem, with great joy and fanfare, brings Bnei Yisrael back from the Golus they come home to find Yerushalayim in ruins. Yerushalayim is the "Aniah So'ara Lo Nuchama; The stormy pauper who has not been consoled."  Hashem promises that Yerushalayim will be built with many precious stones which represent the stones of the various shevatim and what they contribute to Klal Yisrael. The Nofach of Yehuda that symbolizes the return of the Kingdom; the Sapir of Yesachar who contributes Torah; the sun that shines and brings material blessing from Yosef; the Even Ekdach which represents Levi and the Avodah.

The problem with building Yerushalayim after everyone returns is the political and religious arguments that will slow down or even destroy the building process. This could lead to another split among the Jews similar to the split between Yehuda and Yosef like in the times of the first Bais HaMikdash. Here again Hashem promises that all sides will be of the same mindset and unity will reign. "Vchol Banayich Limudei Hashem; All your children will know the real desire of Hashem.  V'Rav Shalom Banayich; And peace will reign among your children."

Fri, 06 Aug 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Eikev: Hashem Employs Selective Memory

In this week's Haftorah, Bnei Yisrael voices concern that Hashem has abandoned them. Hashem assures us that despite our many aveiros he has not forsaken us and never will and ultimately will redeem us from this long and bitter galus. The gemara in Brachos says that Hashem promises that He will employ selective memory remembering Matan Torah but at the same time conveniently forgetting Chet HaEgel. What is the connection between these two events that Klal Yisrael asks about them in tandem?

The Likutei Basar Likutei bring down that these two are inextricably linked together. The Mishna says in Avos that Yisrael is beloved by Hashem and therefore were given the Torah. But didn't Hashem first ask all the other nations? We were actually last to be offered! The answer is that while all the other nations inquired about its laws, Bnei Yisrael accepted right away without asking. because Hashem imbued in them a special love for Torah that he did not grant any other nation. This is the gift that Hashem gave that makes us beloved.

Although, it was not to our credit that we accepted the Torah since it was natural for us, nevertheless, Hashem ignores that little detail and still favors us for accepting the Torah. Because of this Bnei Yisrael worries about Chet HaEgel. Moshe davened to Hashem to forgive us because it was the abundant gold and silver that Hashem gave us that caused us to sin; so, Moshe laid the blame squarely on Hashem's shoulders.

"Therefore," says Klal Yisrael, "if you will consider the fact that You, Hashem, caused us to sin, yYu may also consider the fact that You caused us to accept the Torah." To this Hashem says, o"Oe I will remember, and one I will forget."

Fri, 30 Jul 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Shabbos Nachamu: Chasam Sofer - Nechama Is Only For The Dead
"Kol Omer Krah V'Amar Mah Ekra... Yavesh Chatzir Navel Tzitz; A voice said to call, what shall I call.... the grass withers and the flower fades." (Yeshaya 40:8).  The Chasam Sofer asks, "If Hashem told Yeshaya to call out then surely Hashem told him what to call out.  Why does Yeshaya ask, 'Ma Ekra' what shall I call out?"

The Chasam Sofer asks that Kol Amar Kra goes on the beginning of the Nevua where Hashem told Yeshaya to call out, "Nachamu Nachamu Ami; Be comforted My nation."  Yeshaya did not understand this Nevua since Nechama means to be comforted over those who died.  There is no Nechama for the living.  The Bais HaMikdash although destroyed, will be rebuilt in all it splendor in the days of Moshiach. "Ma Ekra?" asks Yeshaya, "How can there be a Nechama on a Mikdash that is not dead?"

The answer is that all the handiwork of man does not last.  This applies even to the Bais HaMikdash that was destroyed.  It was destroyed forever.  The future Bais HaMikdash will be the handiwork of Hashem, "Mikdash Hashem Koninu Yadecha; The future Bais HaMikdash will be established by the word of Hashem." (Bishalach 15:17).  This is a totally new Mikdash and not related to the old one that is no longer.  

Hashem answers, "Kol HaBasar Chatzir V'Chol Chasdo Ktzitz HaSadeh; All flesh is like grass and the Chesed like the flower of the field."  The Mikdash Sheini was man made and its total existence is no better than grass or flowers.  "Yavesh Chatzir Navel Tzitz; The grass wilts and the flowers fade."  Hashem therefore says to Yeshaya, "You must console the Yidden on their Bais HaMikdash since indeed this one is never coming back again." 

Fri, 23 Jul 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Chazon: Look At Zeidy, We Should Know Better

The pasuk says, "Hoi Goi Choitei Am Keved Avon Zera Mirei'im; Woe to you the people of sin, a nation laden with guilt, children of the wicked." The Zohar asks, "How can Yeshayahu call the children of Avrohom, Yitzchok, and Yaakov children of the wicked?"

Rav Yehonoson Eibishitz answers that Yeshayahu is answering a question. It is true that at the time of the Churban we were idol worshipers and deserved to be punished. But on the other hand all the goyim who were living good lives were also idol worshipers. Why were we singled out for extreme punishment? To this Yeshayahu answers that Am Yisroel had forefathers that were sterling examples of how to behave, yet we are full of sin. Although our neighbors have also sinned, nevertheless, they are Zera Mirei'im, sons of the wicked, and therefore cannot be held accountable to the same degree as us.

On the threshold of another year without the Bais HaMikdash we must ask ourselves, "Ad Mosai Hikiu Ma'asai L'Maase Avosai; Do we live up to the standards of Yiddishkeit of our parents and grandparent of just a few generations ago?"

Fri, 16 Jul 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Maasei: Worshipping Extinct Powers

The second haftorah of the three weeks is a continuation of Yirmiya's warning to the Bnei Yisroel about the upcoming Churban. Hashem chastises Bnei Yisroel for not only leaving Hashem the power of all powers but also for worshipping intermediary powers that no longer function.

Avodah Zara was worshipped to gain divine help through an intermediary and not directly from Hashem. Each nation has its own representative in Shamayim that receives blessing and sustenance from Hashem for that particular nation. Bnei Yisroel which has not intermediary appealed to these powers instead of Hashem.

Furthermore each nation's power on earth is a reflection of the power of its emissary in Shamayim. Therefore when Hashem wants to destroy a nation he first destroys its Malach in Shamayim. Just a few years earlier Sancherev conquered every nation on earth meaning that all their malachim in shamayim were destroyed and no longer capable of providing any good for their earthly nation. Subsequently Hashem Himself destroyed Sancherev. Therefore there were no longer any intermediaries in Shamayim for Bnei Yisroel to worship. Yet they continued to do so. Hashem says to Bnei Yisroel "Oisi Azvu Mekor Mayim Chaim"; not only have you deserted me the ultimate power but "Lachatzov Lahem Boirois Nishbarim"; you have chosen intermediaries that no longer function.

Fri, 09 Jul 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Pinchos: Rav Yehonoson Eibushitz - Pinchos & Yirmiyahu, The Common Thread

This week although it is Parshas Pinchos we read the Haftorah of Parshas Matos which is the opening of Sefer Yirmiyahu because it is appropriate for the 3 weeks. Yirmiya lived before and through the Churban Bayis Rishon and spent years pleading with Bnei Yisroel to do tshuva to avoid disaster. Although there are some positive nevuos in Yirmiyahu, the gemara in Bava Basra says "Yirmiya Kulei Churbana"; Sefer Yirmiya is entirely destruction, because as the Maharsha explains "Ruboi K'Kuloi", the vast majority is gloomy.

Although this is not the haftorah designated to Parshas Pinchas, the Ahavas Yonoson (Rav Yehonoson Eibishitz) says there is a strong correlation between Pinchas and Yirmiyahu. Rashi quotes the Medrash saying that the Pasuk calls Pinchos the son of Elazar the son of Aharon HaKohen because the shevatim would embarrass him and say that Pinchos whose maternal grandfather used to fatten cows for idol worship, had the nerve to kill a Nasi B'Yisroel. Therefore the Torah counters that he was the son and grandson of Kohanim Gedolim.

Similarly the Jews living in the time of Yirmiyahu, who was imprisoned and attempts were made on his life, did not very much appreciate him either, to say the least. The false prophets of his day and his other enemies used to embarrass him and dismiss his nevuah reminding everyone that his genealogy stemmed from Rachav HaZonah. Therefore here as well the Navi tells us Yirmiyahu was the son of Chilkiya HaKohen who lived in Anasos.

Fri, 02 Jul 2010 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Ki Seitzei - The Happy Barren Women Watches the Mountains Tumble

"Rani Akara Lo Yalada"; happy is the barren women who doesn't give birth. The Malbim explains that Hashem tells Yerushalayim although you are barren I will return all your childrern to your borders. "Pitzchi Rina VTzahali Lo Chala"; Sing a song of happiness because the return will be so swift you will not experience any labor pains. Not only that but "Ki Rabim Bnei Shomeima MiBnei Be'ula"; you will have even more children than the fertile woman.

The Navi goes on to tell how Eretz Yisroel will prosper and grow without any fear of angering Hashem as Hashem swears that there will be no more anger. There will be so much love, Hashem says, that even if the mountains and hills come tumbling down Hashem's treaty with Klal Yisroel will not. Rebbi Yehonoson Eibushitz explains that this refers to the zechus of the Avos who are called the mountains of the world and the Imahos who are the hills.  That zechus says the gemara will run dry at some point but we will no longer need it.

Fri, 28 Aug 2009 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Re'eh: Here We Go Again

Rav Yehonoson Eibushitz explains the reason why the Gemara says that even when Hashem will redeem the Bnei Yisrael we will still not be consoled. "Aniah So'ara Lo Nuchama", the stormy pauper who has not been consoled.  Our entire history has been a long roller coaster ride. We get close to Hashem who lifts us up in marvelous fashion. Then we revert back to our sinful ways and suffer horrific punishment. So, when the geula will come, we will greet it with fear and hesitation, wondering how long it will be until we slip back into our old painful pattern.

"This time will be different," promises Hashem through Yeshaya HaNavi. This time Hashem will help us build a society where the true fundamental of the Torah will reign supreme, and achdus will bind all of Klal Yisrael together. The teachers of Torah will be Shevet Yehuda whose golden characteristic of modesty will appeal to all and make them eager to listen to their Torah. "Hinei Marbe Bapooch Avanaich", your teacher will be Yehuda whose stone is the Nofach. "Vi'saditich BaSapirim, the wisdom of Torah will lie with Shevet Yisachar who possess the true Chochmas HaTorah. A perfect society the way Hashem intended it to be.

Fri, 14 Aug 2009 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Nachamu: Shema Is The Consolation And Answer To Your Questions

This week's Haftorah is the first of seven consecutive haftorahs that we read from Yeshaya that deal with the Nechama from the Churban and the ultimate Geula. While this week's Haftorah is appropriate for the Shabbos after Tisha B'Av there is also a very strong connection to the Parsha.

The Kadmoinim bring down that the letters of the word Shema are Roshei Teivos for "Si'u Maron Eineichem; Lift your eyes to Heaven," as Yeshaya tells us in the Haftorah. "U'Ri'u Mi Bara Eileh; And see who created all this."

This is the lesson of Shema. We live in this world and look around and some things make sense to us and some don't. We see Churban after Churban.  If you look to Shamayim and understand that "Hashem Elokeinu Hashem Echad" there is a creator who made everything and is the cause of all events that happen and He is the only power from the beginning of time to the end of time then your questions will be no more.

Fri, 31 Jul 2009 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Chazon Yeshayahu: Half Good Half Bad

While Yeshayahu forewarned of the Churban Habayis he also foretold beautiful nevuos about the ultimate redemption. The word Chazon is an acronym for "Chatzi Za'am and V'Chatzi Nechama; Half anger and half consolation."

Rav Yehonoson Eibishitz in the the Ahavas Yehonoson explains that Yeshayahu's nevua spanned four Kings of Yehuda. Uziyahu, who wanted to become Kohen Gadol, and Achaz, father of Chizkiyahu, were reshaim. Yosam, the son of Uziyahu, and Chizkiyahu were tzadikim. So great was Yosam that Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai said (Succah 45b) that if Yosam would be together with him and Elazar his son they would excuse the world from Din from the beginning of time until the end of time. Chizkyahu was a great Tzaddik who was supposed to be Moshiach but lost the opportunity when he didn't sing shira to Hashem after the miraculous destruction of Sancherev's army.

Each navi's power to prophesize good or bad depends solely on the state of the nation.  Yeshayahu's nevua was good in the times of the two great Kings Chizkiyahu and Yosam and bad during the times of Uziyahu and Achaz. Chatzi Zaam Vchatzi Nechama.

Fri, 24 Jul 2009 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah VaEschanan: Nachamu Nachamu - Waiting For The Second Nechama

Why does Yeshaya say twice Nachamu Nachamu? The Mabit in his peirush on Perek Shira answers that typically nechama does not restore the situation to its previous state. The damage is still there, but the consolation helps ease the pain. When someone dies we are Menachem the ones left behind. but the deceased does not come back to life.

Hashem tells Am Yisrael that He will bestow upon us two nechamos. The first one: when we are in galus he will go into galus with us as a consolation. This is a typical nechama. The second nechama is beyond a regular nechama. It is promise from Hashem that eventually He will bring us back to Eretz Yisrael and rebuild the Bais HaMikdash. That is why it says in future tense, "Yoimar Elokeichem," because the second nechama will take place only in the future.

Thu, 14 Aug 2008 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Matos/Three Weeks: Yirmiyahu Sees A Swift Stick and Hot Water In the first Haftorah of the three weeks Hashem asks Yirmyahu, “What do you see?”  Yirmiyahu answers that he sees a stick made of an almond branch.  Hashem tells him that he is correct and tells him this symbolizes that the punishment will come swiftly.  After, Hashem asks again, and Yirmiyahu replies that he sees a boiling pot of water.  Here Hashem just goes straight to the explanation without congratulating him on his correct vision.  Why?

The Oheiv Yisroel (Likutim on Shemos) says that a stick can be many things.  It is a cane for support to an older person.  It is a staff of leadership to younger person.  It can also be a rod to punish people.  When Yirmiyahu correctly identified it, Hashem confirmed his answer. However a boiling pot obviously means trouble and needs no confirmation.

The Medrash says that from the time an almond tree sprouts until the fruit is ready is exactly 21 days.  These days represent the 21 days between Shiva Asar B’Tammuz and Tisha B’Av and the switness of Hashem’s judgment.

Fri, 25 Jul 2008 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Nitzavim: Too Beautiful For Explanations

This is the last week of the Shiva D'Nechamta the seven consecutive haftoros from Yeshaya where Hashem consoles Bnei Yisroel and foretells of the final Geula. The story line is the same so not much news to report on that front. Nor will we go into details about specific peirushim on a pasuk. The promises are so beautiful that even our generation which thrives on the sound bite can have a field day just getting inspired by the plain meaning of the pasukim. Below are some excerpts with loose translations from the Haftorah.

61:10 Sos Asis BaHashem... KeChoson Yichahen Pe'er V'Kachala Ta'adeh Keilehah; I will rejoice in Hashem ...who in the time of the Geula will dress me like in the beautiful dress of a Choson and adorn me like a Kallah with jewelry.

62:1 Lma'an Tzion Lo Achesheh U'Lma'an Yerushalayim Lo Eshkoit Ad Yeitzei Kanoga Tzidka V'Yshuasa K'Lapid Yiv'ar; For the sake of Tzion I will not be silent and for the sake of Yerushalayim I will not be still until my kindness (that I do for her) will shine throughout the world like a burning flame.

62:10 Ivru Ivru Ba'Sheairim Panu Derech Soilu Soilu HaMesila Saklu Mei'Even Heiremu Neis Al Ha'Amim; To the nations of the world "Go out to the fields and clear a path, pave the roads, remove the stones, wave a flag telling all the nations to take the Bnei Yisroel back to their homeland.

63:9 B'Chol Tzorusom Lo Tzur U'Malach Panav Hoshium B'Ahavosoi U'Bichemlosoi Hu Ga'alam; In all their pain throughout the bitter galus I suffered with them. I sent a Malach to always protect them. Because of my love and pity for them I redeemed them.

We should all be zocheh to witness the final redemption in the upcoming year.

Kesiva V'Chasima Tova!

Thu, 06 Sep 2007 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Devarim - Become Squeaky Clean and Save The Bais Hamikdash

This week's Haftorah is Chazon Yeshayahu. Yeshayahu, says that the Devarim Rabba 2:3, was the second greatest Navi after Moshe Rabbeinu. Yeshayahu delivered early warnings to the Bnei Yisrael of the impending disaster if they do not straighten out their ways. Yeshayahu lived long before the Churban and was killed by his grandson, the wicked King of Yehuda over 100 years before the Churban.

In Pasuk 16, Yeshayahu tells Bnei Yisrael, "Rachatzu, Hizaku, Hasiru Ro'a Maaleichem; Cleanse yourselves, become meritorious, do away with your evil ways." The Divrei Yechezkel, Admor of Shineve, points out the order is not correct. You must do away with your evil ways before becoming meritorious.

He answers in the name of his Rebbe that it says in Zemiros of Shabbos, "Al Kein Achabes Bo Libi Kiboris; I will cleanse my heart like soap." It should say with soap not like soap. The answer is that we are saying we will cleanse ourselves so thoroughly that we will become so pure and be able to influence others as well. Therefore, we in turn will become the soap to cleanse others.

"So, too," says Yeshayahu, "we must clean ourselves so thoroughly that we will be in the position to bring merit to other people. and, therefore. help remove the bad from the entire Klal Yisrael, thereby saving the Bais Hamikdash and not only ourselves."

Thu, 19 Jul 2007 03:00:00 +0000
Haftorah Balak: Learn From Hashem How To Do Good And Keep Your Mouth Closed

This weeks Haftorah is from Micha and spans two perakim and two separate topics. It starts by describing the status of Bnei Yisroel by Gog U'Magog. Although not many Jews will be left and they will not have any natural strength yet they will reign supreme over the whole world purely through the hand of Hashem. Hashem will do this out of Chesed and not from their efforts or even tefilos.

In the second part Hashem tells Bnei Yisroel to look at the wonderful chesed he has done for us. One of the acts of chesed mentioned is how Hashem did not let Bilam destroy us, hence the connection to this week's parsha. Hashem challenges us to explain why our service is hollow and lacking in spite of his kindness. Why are all our mitzvos done just to receive honor from our peers? Hashem does not need our actions, be it korbanos or any other mitzvah.

Why is the story of Bilam such a powerful reproach to the way we do mitzvos? Hashem saved us from Bilam without us ever knowing that we were in danger, not before, during, or even after. This shows that he did it out of pure love and not for any honor or thank you in return. The lesson the Navi wants us to learn from the story of Bilam is that Hashem wants us to perform mitzvos without ulterior motives. The Navi tells us the Hashem wants us to "act justly, love chesed, and serve Hashem in a modest way". It does not say perform chesed, rather love chesed. Hashem is not asking at how much or what kind of chesed we do but what he wants is for you to do it for the love of chesed, for the love of Hashem. Hashem wants us to perform mitzvos quietly and modestly not on plaques on buildings and inscriptions in newly published sefarim. Hashem wants true service. Service from the depths of our heart!

Thu, 28 Jun 2007 03:00:00 +0000