Keyword Browse           
Aug. 21, 2018 - 10 Elul 5778
Daf Yomi Menachos 11
5551/1791 Rav Pinchas MiKoritz

 
 
bracha search
Recently Viewed Bracha
Cereals Made from Rice Flour
Sunflower Seeds
Pumpkin Seeds
Ale
 
ASK
How Bnei Merari Transport Amudim ?
Chanukah Gifts
Pots From Last Pesach
Vitamins
>>go to site
 
Revach Lists
Names Of Moshe Rabbeinu
7 Names Of Yisro
10 Reasons for Blowing the Shofar
5 Reason Why We Dip Apples In Honey
 
Shiur
RN"K Who Is A Good Wife by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
Acharei Mos by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
Parshas Tzav/Zachor 5771 by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
>>go to site
 

Tehilim List
Submit names to be said at the Kosel HaMaaravi.  Please join us in saying Tehilim 32 for:

submit names

RSS Feeds
Today's Revach
Daf Yomi
Chumash
Halacha
Stories
613 Mitzvot
Headlines
 
[view all articles in this category]

Section: Tanach   Category: Sefer Ezra
Ezra Part 4: Who Were The Returnees

“These are the children of the land ascending from the captivity of the exile which Nevuchadnetzer, the king of Bavel exiled to Bavel, and they returned to Yerushalayim and Yehudah, each man to his city.”

This account of the Jews returning to Eretz Yisrael is cited also in Sefer Nechemia, but with many changes.  The explanation to the repetition is that this account is speaking about important Jews who ascended to Eretz Yisrael from Bavel itself.  In the galus of Yechanya, Nevuchadnetzer had exiled the leaders and the esteemed members of Bnei Yisrael, and exiled them to the royal city of Bavel.  During the exile of Tzidkiyahu, Nevuchadnetzer exiled the commoners of Bnei Yisrael to the outskirts of Bavel because they were lowly in his eyes.  Their ascent to Yerushalayim is accounted in Nechemia.

The Malbim notes that the account in Nechemia says “they returned to Yerushalayim and to Yehudah.”  This account does not include the word “to” before Yehudah.  This is because the main intent of these esteemed members of Klal Yisrael was to ascend to Yerushalayim Ir Hakodesh and rebuild the Beis Hamikdash.  Once they reached Yerushalayim, they spread out to Yehudah.  However, the commoners’ main intent was to settle in Yehudah, and therefore “to” Yehudah is emphasized.  

“Those who had come with Zerubavel, Yeshua, Nechemiah, Seraya, Realaya, Mordechai Bilshan, Mispar Bigvai, Rechum, Baana; the number of the men of the people of Israel.”

Zerubavel was a descendant of Yehoyachin, and was an important leader of the Jews during the building of the second Beis Hamikdash.  The Gemara says that Zerubavel was Nechemia, and he was called Zerubavel since he was conceived in Bavel.  
Mordechai Bilshan is Mordechai of Mrgilas Esther.  He ascended to Eretz Yisrael at this time, but returned to Paras when the royal permission for the rebuilding of the Bais Hamikdash was retracted.  The Ralbag says that he returned to Paras to try to influence the king to change his mind and allow the Jews to continue rebuilding the Beis Hamikdash.  

“The children of Parosh, two thousand one hundred and seventy-two…..”

The perek continues to list those who ascended to Eretz Yisrael.  Some are listed by the name of their family, and others are listed by the name of their city.  Those who were members of large family clans, which may have members living in different cities, are listed as families.  Those who were part of large extended families are listed by city.

After listing all members of Yehudah and Binyamin, the possuk lists the Kohanim and Leviim, and specifies among the Leviim the singers, the gatekeepers, and the attendants of the kohanim.  The Gemara says that only four families of Kohanim out of the twenty-four families who served in the first Beis Hamikdash left the exile at this time and returned to Eretz Yisrael.  

“And these went up from Tel Melach, Tel Charsha, Kruv, Adan, Emar, and they were not able to tell of the house of their fathers and their children, if they were from Yisrael.”

These were people whose origins were unclear, and were possibly mamzeirim or actually non-Jews, and were therefore forbidden to marry into the community.    

“The whole community together was forty two thousand three hundred and sixty.”

This total is 13,000 more than those listed above.  The Malbim says that it listed by name only those who first came from Bavel, and the extra 13,000 are those who came later.     

“The Kohanim and the Leviim, and the people, and the singers, and the gatekeepers, and the attendants settled in their cities, and all of Yisrael in their cities.”

They did not settle in Yerushalayim upon their arrival because of their need to sow the fields to provide sustenance for themselves.  Also, they were not granted permission to rebuild the wall around Yerushalayim.  Instead, each group or family settled in the cities their ancestors had lived in previously.  The kohanim and leviim settled in the 48 cities of Leviim, and the Yisraelim settled in the cities of Yisrael.

RELATED ARTICLES:
 

<<Previous Article
Chanukas HaMishkan
 Next Article>>
Piskei Tshuvos: Hotels and Hospitals - The Halacha of Bedikas Chometz
send your commentsprintable versionemail to a friend

Tours
Revach Tours Now in Eretz Yisrael!

Revach L'Neshama is proud to announce that we have started offerring tours in Eretz Yisroel. If you'd like to see...read full story

Galus
Language From Mitzrayim all the way to Yeshivishe Talk

Chazal tell us that one of the reasons Bnei Yisroel merited to be taken out of Mitzrayim was that they...read full story

Innocent Observations
The Problem With Asking for Money

In the short list of qualifications for judges that Yisro told to Moshe Rabbeinu, two of them seem to be...read full story

Olam HaTorah
The Ponevezher Rov Teaches The Children How To Remember Their Name On Yom HaDin
One time when the Ponevezher Rov, Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman, came to visit the children of the orphanage, as they...read full story

Mashal
The Donkey and the Dirt

A man came to his Rebbe crying that his donkey fell into a pit and he didn't know what to...read full story

Chanoch L'Naar
Rav Zalman Sorotzkin - The Hardest Challenge in Chinuch, When Everyone Does It!

Parshas Emor begins with the prohibition of Kohanim to defile themselves to a dead body. Hashem tells this to...read full story

Bnei Bayscha
Some Shidduch Questions From Rav Shmuel Rozovsky

One day a Yid from Yerushalayim traveled to Bnei Brak to ask the legendary Rosh Yeshiva of Ponevezh, Rav Shmuel...read full story

Gadlus
Rav Yaakov Edelstein - The Two Words He Wanted to Be Able to Speak

The Gaon and Tzaddik Rav Yaakov Edelstein was one of the most uniques Gedolim of our generation. He was one...read full story

Tefila

Aleinu L'Shabeiach - Before it is Too Late!

In ten days from now we will standing in Shul at the pinnacle of Tefila of the year, Musaf of...read full story

Likras Shabbos
Parshas Vayakhel: Sridei Eish - Building Shabbos & Building A Bais HaMikdash

Parshas Vayakhel talks almost exculsively about building the Mishkan, however the first few pasukim are about the Mitzva of Shabbos....read full story

Lessons in Tzedoka

Parshas Vayakhel: Rav Chaim Soloveitchik's Long Wait

"K'chu Mei'itchem Truma" take from them donations (Vayakhel 35:5). The pasuk before says that Moshe spoke directly to the...read full story

Emuna

The Joy that Mourning Brings to a Wedding
Shlomo HaMelech tells us in Koheles (7:2) "Tov Lalaches El Bais HaEivel MiLeches El Bais HaMishteh", it is better to...read full story

Ahavas Yisroel
Parshas Truma: Rav Moshe Shternbuch - Brilliant Colorful Diversity

Among the layers of the roof of the Mishkan was the Tachash. The Tachash was an animal with brilliantly...read full story

Gedolim Biographies
Reb Dovid of Lelov - Is It A Crime To Favor Your Own Child?
Reb Dovid was born in 1746 and was a talmid of Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk and later of the Chozeh of Lublin. ...read full story

Story Corner
The Chortkover Rebbe Sends Regards to Hashem in America

A man living in Vienna was struggling to support his family. He decided that his fortune lies overseas in the...read full story

Moshiach
Chofetz Chaim - Will Your Plaque in The Bais HaMikdash Bring You Eternal Pride or Shame?

The Chofetz Chaim (Shem Olam 1:17) says that whoever helped build the second Bais HaMikdash is listed in Sefer Nechemiah...read full story

Elul-Tishrei
Rav Leib Chasman - Personal Requests on Rosh HaShanah

Rosh HaShanah is the day the world was created and Hashem became King. Every year on this day we coronate...read full story

Rav Chatzkel

Rav Chatzkel Levenstein - First A Smack, The We Can Talk

Chazal tell us "Oy Lani MiYom HaDin, Oy Lanu MiYom HaTochacha", woe is to us from the day of punishment,...read full story

Around The Year
Tu B'Shvat - The Tragedy Of The Free Leaf

"Ki Hadam Eitz HaSadeh", a person is like a tree in the field. There are many comparisons between a...read full story

Kodesh
Shabbos is a Day of Three Kinds of Rest

By Mincha on Shabbos we say that Hashem gave us Yom Menucha, a day of rest. We then go...read full story

Eretz Yisroel
Parshas Shlach: Kotzker Rebbe - Impressions Of Eretz Yisroel

"Uri'isem Es HaAretz Ma Hi... HaTova He Im Ra'a... HaShmeina He Im Razah" (Shlach 13:18-20). Moshe Rabeinu tells the...read full story

Introduction
Shaarei Tzvi - Unlocking The Best Kept Secret In Megilas Esther

Every now and theb there is a Chazal that drops a bombshell, which changes everything you everything. Its implications...read full story

Postcards From Kotzk
Kotzker Rebbe On The Dormant Monster Within

The Yehudi HaKadosh MePishischa was a Chosid of the Chozeh of Lublin, until one day one of the elder statesmen...read full story

Mitzva Opportunity
Parshas Re'eh: Netziv - Feeling Your Own Pain
The Torah forbids us to harm ourselves in any way when mourning over the dead because we are a Holy...read full story

Ikvisa D'Mishicha
Reb Elchonon Wasserman's Last Drasha, We Are Saving The Yidden in America
Reb Elchonon Wasserman was one of the great pre-war Roshei Yeshiva in Europe.  He learned in Telz Yeshiva and joined...read full story

Perek Shira
Perek Shira: The Snake's Song - Taking a Plunge

No creature in history has taken a fall like the snake.  This once companion of man, with legs that would...read full story

Tehilim
Tehilim Perek 49: Beis Yisroel of Ger - Even Some Mitzvos Won't Go With You

Dovid HaMelech tells us in Tehilim (49:18) כִּי לֹא בְמוֹתוֹ יִקַּח הַכֹּל, when you die you won't take everything with...read full story

copyright © 2007 - 2010 Revach L'Neshama All Rights Reserved