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Section: Moadim   Category: Kinos
A Brief Overview Of Select Kinos - Introduction & 6 - 10
The inyan of Kinos on Tisha B’av is to make us cry, to make us long, and to make us think.  They are made to wake us from our deep slumber and realize the disaster we live in.    To make us stop and think for at least a few brief hours every year.  The saddest part about the galus is that we do not even realize how bad it is and what we are missing without our Bais HaMikdash.  While we were once the greatest people on earth, over the centuries and millennia we have developed a slave mentality.   If we have relative material comforts and peace off mind, we think we are living in paradise.  Even when we feel the pain of life, we only feel it on a very personal and very shallow level.
True paradise was when the Bais HaMikdash stood.  We had Kirvas Elokim, a closeness to Hashem.  This brought with it incredible  material as well as spiritual happiness.  The Vilna Gaon said that he can relate to what it meant to live in the days of the Rishonim and even the Tannaim and Amora’im, but he cannot fathom what it was like, to be even a simple Jew, in the times of the Bais HaMikdash.  The Shechina was palpable and it touched every single Yid’s life.
The Kinos are a collections of Piyutim describing the glory of the Bais HaMikdash and the pain of its destruction.  What we had and what we lost.  It also touches on some of the Tzaros we’ve experienced since then, as they are all a result of the Churban and its ensuing Galus with Hashem’s Hester Panim or hidden presence, as opposed to His revealed presence.
As the Kinos are written in eloquent prose with many unfamiliar words ,it is often hard to even get the gist of what each particular kinah is referring to.  We hope that a brief description will help put you on track and help you to take a closer look and experience the real feeling of saying Kinos.
6.  Shavas Suru - Rebbi Eliezer HaKalir describes how even the Bavlim understood that our power came from Hashem.  When they saw a breach in our relationship they took advantage and made sure to drive a wedge in it so that we would not do tshuvah and return to our glory.
Each of the stanzas begin with the first word from the last eight psukim of Eicha and end with a pasuk from Eicha.  It follows the order of the Aleph Bais starting with Samech and repeating each letter 6 times.
7.  Eicha Atzta - We ask Hashem how even if he needed to punish us, he abandoned us and delivered us to the hands of a cruel and bitter people.  Each stanza begins with the burning question Eicha, how?  It then follows by asking why Hashem did not remember one of our Zechusim including Bris Bain HaBesarim, Matan Torah, Degalim and so on.  Each one asks in a different expression following the order of the Aleph Bais and ending Zchor Hashem Meh Haya Lanu.
8.  Aadeh Ad Chug Shamayim - My pain will fly to the heights of Heaven.  We describe our terrible pain, anguish, and despair over the Churban and the Galus.  Rebbi Eliezer HaKalir wrote this in order of At Bash, with Tuf following Aleph, Shin following Bais and so on.  Each stanza ends with a request based on a pasuk asking “Mi” or who will...? 
10.  Eicha Yashva Chavatzeles HaSharon - This Kina has twenty four stanzas, and each one laments one of the 24 Mishmeres Kehuna, the families of Kohanim that served on a rotational basis each week of the year.  Rebbi Eliezer HaKalir writes this in the order of the Aleph Bais with each stanza opening with a pasuk from the first perek of Eicha.

RELATED ARTICLES:Bais HaMikdash  Kinos  kohanim  tears  tisha b'av

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