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Section: Tanach   Category: Chumash
TAGS:10 Makos  Mida K'Neged Mida
10 Makos - Mida K'Neged Mida
Hashem punishes Mida K'Neged Mida.  In Mitzrayim Hashem punished the Mitzrim with the 10 Makos.  Each one was Mida K'Neged Mida for something that the Mitzrim did to Bnei Yisroel.  Nothing was random.  There are many Medrashm and Peirushim including the Kli Yakar and Abarbanel who explain what each Maka was for.  In the Hagadah Otzer HaMedrashim it brings a number of explanations for each.

Dam - Blood
The Abarbanel brings from Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer that since the Mitzrim threw the Jewish boys into the river and it became full of Jewish, Hashem turned it into blood.
Tzfardei'a - Frogs
The Mitzrim forced Bnei Yisroel to gather for them shekatzim and remasim, now they got all they needed and more.  (Medrash Rabba)
Just like they woke up Bnei Yisroel to do work, the noise of the frogs kept them awake. (Medrash Lekach Tov)
They threw Jewish Children to the Nilus, the frogs looked like the dead children coming back to haunt them, screaming and crying.  (Malbim)
Kinim - Lice
They wouldn't let Bnei Yisroel bathe or clean themselves, and the sweat left them suceptible to lice.  Now the Mitzrim were infested with lice. (Medrash Lekach Tov)
Arov - Wild Animals
They acted like wild animals, barging into Jewish homes, beating them, and tearing away their children to take them to forced labor.  Now animals broke into their homes, beat them, and tore away their children. (Abarbanel)
Dever - Animal Plague
They took Bnei Yisroel who were shepherding their flock, and made them build with bricks.  Their untended animals then died.  Now Hashem killed the Mitzrim's animals. (Kli Yakar)
They made Bnei Yisroel pull their plowshears in order not to weaken their animal's so Hashem killed all their animals. (Mei'am Lo'ez)
Shechin - Boils
They beat Bnei Yisroel until they were bloodied and bruised.  Now they were all bloodied from bruises and boils. (Toldos Adam)
The kept Bnei Yisroel working far away from their homes and wives.  Now their own wives would not get near them and their boils.  (Kli Yakar)
Barad - Hail
They threw stones at Bnei Yisroel.  Now they too were pelted with huge balls of ice and fire. (Medrash Tanchuma)
They forced Bnei Yisroel to sleep outside with the animals.  Now they had to bring their animals inside to sleep with them so they wouldn't be killed.  (Koheles Yitzchok)
Arbeh - Locust
They stole the crops of the Bnei Yisroel and now all their crops were eaten by the locust.  (Abarbanel)
They tried to limit Bnei Yisroel from multiplying and stop the bracha of "Harba Arbeh", so Hashem brought on them "Arbeh", which came in great numbers.
Choshech - Darkness
They worked Bnei Yisroel day and night without care.  Now their day turned into night.  (Medrash Rabba)
Because they forced Bnei Yisroel to give birth in the field and the children were swallowed in the dark earth. (Sotah 11a)
When they made a party they would place the candles on a Yehudi's head and tell him if he moved they would cut off his head.  Now they had no lights whatsoever. (Medrash Lekach Tov)
Makas Bechoros - Death of Firstborn
They wanted to kill Bnei Yisroel, Hashem's ben bechor, therefore Hashem killed all their bechorim. (Medrash Rabba)

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