Rav Yisroel Yaakov Fisher: Amein To A Three Year Old's Bracha?
The Shulchan Aruch (215:3) paskens that you may answer amein to a bracha that a child makes before eating food because there bracha is valid since they are "Bnei Chinuch", they have reached the age where they must make brachos. The Mishna Brura understands from the Michaber (based on the Pri Megadim) that this is only if the child reached the age of chinuch for brachos which is 6 or 7 years old. Rav Yisroel Yaakov Fisher was asked (Even Yisroel 8:14), if so why do we answer amein when a 3 or 4 year old make a bracha since this is Kineged the Mishna Brura?
Rav Fisher gives two reasons why we must answer amein even after the bracha of a 3 year old. First he says that the for some reason Mishna Brura assumes the Shulchan Aruch says you must say amein when the child reaches the standard age of chinuch for most mitzvos. He however holds that the Shulchan Aruch obligates you to say amein as soon as they start making brachos in practice, which means that they are already obligated to do so for chinuch.
The second reason he gives is that if the child is old enough to say brachos, he certainly is old enough learn to answer amein. If we don't answer amein to his bracha, what kind of chinuch is that?
Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation. Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.
This article has not been reviewed by the posek of the AskRevach section, Rav Peretz Moncharsh. Any questions regarding this topic and Halacha L’Maaseh may be asked to him at www.revach.net/ask