Gemora notes that some opinions do not expound the word "es."
This would be in accordance with the following braisa: Shimon Ha'amsoni,
and others say that it was Nechemia Ha'amsoni, would expound on every word es
that was written in the Torah. (This means that he would teach what the
word es was coming to include.) When he reached the verse that states
you shall revere es Hashem your G-d, he stopped expounding on
the word es. Shimon Ha'amsoni felt that it is impossible to equate the
reverence of Hashem to anything else, so he retracted from all of his previous
interpretations of the word es. When questioned by his students what
would happen to all the words es that he had expounded upon previously,
Shimon Ha'amsoni replied, "Just as I received reward for expounding on those
words, I will receive reward for retracting my interpretations. Rabbi Akiva
arrived later and expounded the verse to mean you shall revere es
Hashem your G-d, to include Torah scholars. Just like one is
obligated to revere Hashem, so too, one must revere Torah scholars.
Pardes Yosef (Vayechi) explains Rabbi Akiva by citing the Gemora in Nedarim,
which states: Rav Yehudah said in the name of Rav: What does the verse mean
when it says: Who is the man who is wise and can understand this? This (the
reason for the destruction of the Second
Temple) was asked to
scholars and prophets and they could not explain it, until Hashem explained it
Himself, as it says: And Hashem said that it is because they left my Torah.
Isn't the phrase "and they did not listen to My voice" the same
as the phrase "and they did not go in its ways"? Rav Yehudah explains in
the name of Rav: This means that they did not recite a blessing before learning
Akiva was saying: The word es is including the Torah scholars. The Holy
One, Blessed be He said: it is because they left "es" my Torah. They
left that which was included from the word es, for they were not
honoring the Torah scholars.
it can be asked that the Torah scholars should have been mochel the
respect that they deserved!? We have learned that if a Torah scholar is mochel
on the honor due to him, it is valid!
is why Hashem continued with the verse, it is because they left my
Torah. Hashem is saying: The Torah is Mine and the Torah scholar cannot be mochel.
Why is the Torah Mine? It is because Klal Yisroel did not recite
the blessing before learning Torah. The Gemora Brochos asks: It is written: The entire world belongs to
Hashem. But it is also written: And the land was given to the people!?
The Gemora answers: It depends if they recite a blessing first or not. Since
they didn't recite the blessing before learning Torah, it is regarded as
Hashem's Torah, and the Torah scholars could not be mochel on the
obligation to honor the Torah.