Keyword Browse           
Dec. 18, 2018 - 10 Tevet 5779
Daf Yomi Chulin 21
Asara B'Teves - Nevuchadnezar lays siege to Yerushalayim

5371/c.1511  Rav Yehuda Leib Eilenberg - Minchas Yehuda

5605/c.1845  Rav Nosson MiBreslov - Likutei Halachos

 
 
bracha search
Recently Viewed Bracha
Cereals Made from Rice Flour
Sunflower Seeds
Pumpkin Seeds
Ale
 
ASK
Non-kosher Microwave Oven
Maaser Or Debt?
Mikvah
Tisha B'AV
>>go to site
 
Revach Lists
Names Of Moshe Rabbeinu
7 Names Of Yisro
10 Reasons for Blowing the Shofar
5 Reason Why We Dip Apples In Honey
 
Shiur
RN"K Who Is A Good Wife by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
Acharei Mos by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
Parshas Tzav/Zachor 5771 by Rabbi Mordechai Appel
>>go to site
 

Tehilim List
Submit names to be said at the Kosel HaMaaravi.  Please join us in saying Tehilim 32 for:

submit names

RSS Feeds
Today's Revach
Daf Yomi
Chumash
Halacha
Stories
613 Mitzvot
Headlines
 
[view all articles in this category]

Section: Tanach   Category: Iyov
Iyov Part 1: Intro The Who, Why, When, and Where

Iyov is a sefer that connotes suffering and the struggle for faith in Hashem. It is a sefer subject to many interpretations and meanings. The Gemara in Bava Basra (14b) says that Moshe Rabbeinu wrote Sefer Iyov. The Malbim explains that Moshe wrote Sefer Iyov to comfort Bnei Yisrael from the burden of their immense suffering in the crucible of Mitzrayim. Moshe Rabbeinu had struggled with the paradox of the suffering of the righteous and the prosperity of the wicked from the time he ventured out from the luxury of Pharaoh's palace. It was then that he first became aware of his brothers' suffering and joined in their pain. Moshe Rabbeinu, with his compassionate heart, became consumed with the question of why the righteous suffer. When he had the opportunity to request what he most wanted from Hashem, understanding this mystery was his second request. (His first request was that the Hashem should rest His Shechinah exclusively on Bnei Yisrael until the end of time. This request was granted.) Chazal tell us that Moshe's request to understand the meaning of suffering was not granted.

However, there are many opinions of when Iyov lived, only one of which is consistent with the time of Moshe, which is that he lived at the time of the meraglim. Others believe that Iyov was one of the Jews who returned to Eretz Yisrael from Bavel, and he lived in Tiverya.

There are other opinions that he lived at the time of the Shoftim, the time of Achashverosh, the time of the reign of Sheba, the time of the Chaldeans, and the time of Yaakov Avinu. Those who believed he lived at the time of Yaakov Avinu, such as the Targum, say that he married, Dinah, Yaakov's daughter.

All of the opinions agree that Iyov was Jewish, except for the one who asserts that he lived in the time of Yaakov. Iyov could not have received nevuah if he had been a non-Jew, since, as mentioned above, Moshe had davened that the Shechinah rest only on Bnei Yisrael - a request that had been answered. However, in the time of Yaakov, non-Jews were still able to receive nevuah. The opinion that Iyov was non-Jewish stated that Iyov descended to the world in order to receive reward. However, when Hashem caused him to suffer, Iyov began to blaspheme. Hashem then granted him double reward in this world to keep him from the next world.

There is one opinion in the Gemara that Iyov never existed at all; he was a parable. However, this opinion is unanimously rejected because of the detailed account of his name and location. The Pachad Yitzhak quotes Rav Hai Gaon that this opinion means that Iyov's sole purpose in life was as a parable. People will learn from him to trust in Hashem during difficult times and maintain a belief that Hashem could change their fortunes for the better in the future. The Vilna Gaon expounds that the purpose of Iyov's existence was for mankind to learn a lesson in the proper way of accepting suffering. Additionally, we learn that man cannot judge Hashem, whose ways are complete justice. Hashem's ways may seem harsh at times, but a human being who is light years away from the loftiness of Hashem, cannot even begin to understand Hashem's ways.

Unfortunately, the enigma of what seems to be the absence of justice in this world has been responsible for many turning away from a belief in Kal Rachum Vechanan. Iyov, of whom Hashem Himself attested to his great tziddkus and faith, was unable to come to terms with his suffering on one hand, and his belief in the compassion of Hashem, on the other hand. Instead of choosing to believe that he was unable to fathom Hashem's ways, he chose to believe that Hashem was not involved in his day to day affairs. In his eyes, Hashem was too lofty to micro-manage the small details of a humble human being's life. Ultimately, he reached the conclusion that mankind is subject to the whims of nature and astronomy, and his life had been fated to be one of suffering. Fortunately, his friend Elihu convinced him of the truth -that Hashem controls every detail of mankind's fate, that Hashem is merciful, and that we as humans are not capable of understanding the cheshbonos of Hashem.

RELATED ARTICLES:
 

<<Previous Article
Elul: Michtav Me'Eliyahu -The Worst Gehinom
 Next Article>>
no title
send your commentsprintable versionemail to a friend
Visitor Comments: 2

Anonymous, 2007-08-19 06:48:08
What about Bilham ?
Au, 2007-08-20 00:46:08
Bilham lived at the same time of Moshe Rabbeinu so he was already in existence at the time of Moshe's request, which referred to the future.

Tours
Revach Tours Now in Eretz Yisrael!

Revach L'Neshama is proud to announce that we have started offerring tours in Eretz Yisroel. If you'd like to see...read full story

Galus
Language From Mitzrayim all the way to Yeshivishe Talk

Chazal tell us that one of the reasons Bnei Yisroel merited to be taken out of Mitzrayim was that they...read full story

Innocent Observations
The Problem With Asking for Money

In the short list of qualifications for judges that Yisro told to Moshe Rabbeinu, two of them seem to be...read full story

Olam HaTorah
The Ponevezher Rov Teaches The Children How To Remember Their Name On Yom HaDin
One time when the Ponevezher Rov, Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman, came to visit the children of the orphanage, as they...read full story

Mashal
The Donkey and the Dirt

A man came to his Rebbe crying that his donkey fell into a pit and he didn't know what to...read full story

Chanoch L'Naar
Rav Zalman Sorotzkin - The Hardest Challenge in Chinuch, When Everyone Does It!

Parshas Emor begins with the prohibition of Kohanim to defile themselves to a dead body. Hashem tells this to...read full story

Bnei Bayscha
Some Shidduch Questions From Rav Shmuel Rozovsky

One day a Yid from Yerushalayim traveled to Bnei Brak to ask the legendary Rosh Yeshiva of Ponevezh, Rav Shmuel...read full story

Gadlus
Rav Yaakov Edelstein - The Two Words He Wanted to Be Able to Speak

The Gaon and Tzaddik Rav Yaakov Edelstein was one of the most uniques Gedolim of our generation. He was one...read full story

Tefila

Aleinu L'Shabeiach - Before it is Too Late!

In ten days from now we will standing in Shul at the pinnacle of Tefila of the year, Musaf of...read full story

Likras Shabbos
Parshas Vayakhel: Sridei Eish - Building Shabbos & Building A Bais HaMikdash

Parshas Vayakhel talks almost exculsively about building the Mishkan, however the first few pasukim are about the Mitzva of Shabbos....read full story

Lessons in Tzedoka

Parshas Vayakhel: Rav Chaim Soloveitchik's Long Wait

"K'chu Mei'itchem Truma" take from them donations (Vayakhel 35:5). The pasuk before says that Moshe spoke directly to the...read full story

Emuna

The Joy that Mourning Brings to a Wedding
Shlomo HaMelech tells us in Koheles (7:2) "Tov Lalaches El Bais HaEivel MiLeches El Bais HaMishteh", it is better to...read full story

Ahavas Yisroel
Parshas Truma: Rav Moshe Shternbuch - Brilliant Colorful Diversity

Among the layers of the roof of the Mishkan was the Tachash. The Tachash was an animal with brilliantly...read full story

Gedolim Biographies
Reb Dovid of Lelov - Is It A Crime To Favor Your Own Child?
Reb Dovid was born in 1746 and was a talmid of Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk and later of the Chozeh of Lublin. ...read full story

Story Corner
The Chortkover Rebbe Sends Regards to Hashem in America

A man living in Vienna was struggling to support his family. He decided that his fortune lies overseas in the...read full story

Moshiach
Chofetz Chaim - Will Your Plaque in The Bais HaMikdash Bring You Eternal Pride or Shame?

The Chofetz Chaim (Shem Olam 1:17) says that whoever helped build the second Bais HaMikdash is listed in Sefer Nechemiah...read full story

Elul-Tishrei
Rav Leib Chasman - Personal Requests on Rosh HaShanah

Rosh HaShanah is the day the world was created and Hashem became King. Every year on this day we coronate...read full story

Rav Chatzkel

Rav Chatzkel Levenstein - First A Smack, The We Can Talk

Chazal tell us "Oy Lani MiYom HaDin, Oy Lanu MiYom HaTochacha", woe is to us from the day of punishment,...read full story

Around The Year
Tu B'Shvat - The Tragedy Of The Free Leaf

"Ki Hadam Eitz HaSadeh", a person is like a tree in the field. There are many comparisons between a...read full story

Kodesh
Shabbos is a Day of Three Kinds of Rest

By Mincha on Shabbos we say that Hashem gave us Yom Menucha, a day of rest. We then go...read full story

Eretz Yisroel
Parshas Shlach: Kotzker Rebbe - Impressions Of Eretz Yisroel

"Uri'isem Es HaAretz Ma Hi... HaTova He Im Ra'a... HaShmeina He Im Razah" (Shlach 13:18-20). Moshe Rabeinu tells the...read full story

Introduction
Shaarei Tzvi - Unlocking The Best Kept Secret In Megilas Esther

Every now and theb there is a Chazal that drops a bombshell, which changes everything you everything. Its implications...read full story

Postcards From Kotzk
Kotzker Rebbe On The Dormant Monster Within

The Yehudi HaKadosh MePishischa was a Chosid of the Chozeh of Lublin, until one day one of the elder statesmen...read full story

Mitzva Opportunity
Parshas Re'eh: Netziv - Feeling Your Own Pain
The Torah forbids us to harm ourselves in any way when mourning over the dead because we are a Holy...read full story

Ikvisa D'Mishicha
Reb Elchonon Wasserman's Last Drasha, We Are Saving The Yidden in America
Reb Elchonon Wasserman was one of the great pre-war Roshei Yeshiva in Europe.  He learned in Telz Yeshiva and joined...read full story

Perek Shira
Perek Shira: The Snake's Song - Taking a Plunge

No creature in history has taken a fall like the snake.  This once companion of man, with legs that would...read full story

Tehilim
Tehilim Perek 49: Beis Yisroel of Ger - Even Some Mitzvos Won't Go With You

Dovid HaMelech tells us in Tehilim (49:18) כִּי לֹא בְמוֹתוֹ יִקַּח הַכֹּל, when you die you won't take everything with...read full story

copyright © 2007 - 2010 Revach L'Neshama All Rights Reserved