Section: Parshas HaShavua Category: Quick Vort
|Parshas Behar: Yovel - When All The Jews Are In Eretz Yisroel|
שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים תִּזְרַע שָׂדֶךָ, וְשֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים תִּזְמֹר כַּרְמֶךָ"Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard."
לֹא תִזְרָעוּ--וְלֹא תִקְצְרוּ אֶת-סְפִיחֶיהָ, וְלֹא תִבְצְרוּ אֶת-נְזִרֶיהָ
"Yovel shall that fiftieth year be unto you; you shall not sow, neither reap that which grow of itself in it, nor gather the grapes etc.
Concerning Shmittah the pasuk uses the singular - תִּזְרַע שָׂדֶךָ
However by Yovel the pasuk uses the plural
ֹ לֹא תִזְרָעוּ--וְלֹא תִקְצְרוּ
The gemara states that the laws of Yovel only apply when most Jews live in Eretz Yisroel. However, Shmittah applies even when only a minority lives there. This is why the pasuk uses the plural by Yovel - to underscore that there must be a majority living in Eretz Yisroel for Yovel to apply: and the singular by Shmittah to tells us that Shmittah applies even with a minority of Jews there.