Revach L'Neshama http://revach.net/ RSS feed for - Section: DAF YOMI Copyright 2007, Revach L'Neshama en-US Revach L'Neshama Logo 144 31 http://revach.net/img/small_header.jpg http://revach.net/ info@revach.net Sun, 21 Sep 2014 03:00:00 -0700 240 Chagigah 14 - SUMMARY The Talmidei Chacham that deprive themselves in this world -- Hashem Yisborach will reveal secrets to them in the next world. One Pasuk implies that there is one Throne of honor and another Pasuk implies there are two. There is a dispute among the Tana'im regarding the purpose of the second Throne of honor. (1) Yeshayah cursed Klal Yisrael with eighteen curses and did not calm down until he said 'A youngster will be condescending to an elder and the ignoble toward the honorable." In the times of R. Yehudah Ben Teima there were 600 orders of Mishnayos and some say there were 700. We do not install a Meturgeman (translator) for the public that is less than fifty years old. Even at the time of the fall of Yerushalayim, there never ceased to be people of faith in the city. However it also says that Yerushalayim was only destroyed when there were no longer any people of faith in the city. (2) When R. Elazar Ben Arach expounded on the Ma'aseh Merkavah, R. Yochanan Ben Zakai dismounted from his donkey and sat under an olive tree. (3) When R, Yehoshua expounded on the Ma'aseh Merkavah the clouds filled the sky even though it was summertime and a rainbow appeared and the angels gathered around to listen. Four people entered the Pardes - Ben Azai, Ben Zoma, Acher and R. Akiva. (3) It is forbidden to castrate a dog (or any other animal).
 
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1. R. Akiva originally said one is for Him and one is for Dovid. R. Yosi ha'Gelili and R. Akiva subsequently said one is for Din and one is for Tzedakah. R. Elazar Ben Azaryah says one is for a throne and one is for a footstool. 2. The people were faithful regarding their knowledge in Torah, but they were not faithful in business matters. 3. A fire came down from heaven and scorched the trees and they all said Shirah. An angel inside the fire said that these [words] are the Ma'aseh Merkavah. 4. Ben Azai glimpsed and died, Ben Zoma glimpsed and was harmed, Acher became heretical and R. Akiva departed peacefully.

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Chagigah 14 - INSIGHTS The Gemara says that we do not install a Meturgeman (translator) for the public that is less than fifty years old. The reason for the age of fifty is because the Mishnah says that we start teaching a child Mishnah at the age of ten. Our sages teach us that a person does not fully understand his Rebbe until after forty years. Therefore we must count forty years from the age of ten, consequently only at the age of fifty is a person fit to be a Meturgeman for the public. (Chasam Sofer)

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Chagigah 14 - HALACHA It is forbidden to damage the reproductive limbs of a person or any type of animal -- both kosher and non-kosher animals. The prohibition applies both in Eretz Yisrael and outside of Eretz Yisrael and anyone who transgresses this prohibition is punished with Kares. Someone who renders a female infertile, whether the female is a person or animal, he is Patur but he is forbidden to do so. (Shulchan Aruch EH 5:11)

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Chagigah 13 - SUMMARY In the interior chamber of Hashem Yisborach there is only light, but in the outer chamber there is darkness. There is an eighth heaven on top of the heads of the Chayos. It is forbidden to discuss anything regarding what is above the eighth heaven. After Nevuchadnetzar said "I will rise above the clouds, and I am comparable to G-d", a heavenly voice called out putting him in his place. (1) It is forbidden to expound on the Merkavah, even to only one individual, unless he is a sage and understands on his own, and it is only permitted to give over the headings. (2) It is forbidden to give over words of Torah to a non-Jew. If it was not for Chananya Ben Chizkiyah Sefer Yechezkel would have been hidden away. (3) Hashem Yisborach captured the entire world for Nevuchadnetzar, so that the nations of the world will not say that Hashem gave over his sons to a lowly nation. Everything that Yechezkel saw (in the Ma'aseh Merkavah), Yeshayah saw as well. Yechezkel is analogous to a villager that saw the king while Yeshayah is analogous to a city dweller that saw the king. Yechezkel succeeded with his prayers to turn the ox in the Merkavah into a Kruv. (4) As a result of the destruction of the Beis ha'Mikdash, the Pasuk counts only four wings for each one of the Chayos instead of the original six. (5)
 
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1. The heavenly voice said "It is a distance of five hundred years from earth to heaven, the breadth of each heaven is five hundred years, the distance between one heaven and another is five hundred years, above the heavens are the Chayos ha'Kodesh, the feet of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the knees of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the leg of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the hips of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the thighs of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the body of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the necks of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the heads of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the horns of the Chayos is equal to all of the above, the Throne of Honor is above them, the legs of the Throne is equal to all of the above, the Throne of Honor is equal to all of the above, the Melech Kel Chai v'Kayam Ram v'Nisah is present on them, and you say 'I will rise above the clouds and am comparable to G-d', instead you will descend to Hell to the depth of the pit." 2. R. Zeira says that it is only permitted to give over the headings of the Merkavah to the head of the Beis Din or to someone who has a somber demeanor. A second version is that it can only be given to a person who is both the head of the Beis Din and also has a somber demeanor. 3. The words of Sefer Yechezkel seemed to contradict the Torah, and by the light of 300 barrels of oil Chananya Ben Chizkiyah sat in an attic and expounded on the [contradictions and reconciled them.] 4. The ox in the Merkavah acts as a prosecutor because it is a reminder of the sin of the Egel (golden calf), and a prosecutor can't be an advocate. 5. It is a dispute among the Amora'im whether the missing wings were the wings that the Chayos used to say Shirah or if it was the wings that were used to cover their feet.

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Chagigah 13 - INSIGHTS The Gemara says it is forbidden to give over words of Torah to a non-Jew because the Pasuk says 'it should not be done to any Goy, and the statutes should not be made known to them.' Tosfos asks that the Gemara says in Sanhedrin that a Goy that learns Torah is punished with death. Consequently it is forbidden to teach a Goy Torah because of the transgression 'Do not put a stumbling block in front of a blind person.' If so, it is not necessary for the Gemara to quote the Pasuk that forbids teaching a Goy since it is anyway forbidden to teach them Torah because of the prohibition of placing a stumbling block. Our Gemara can't be referring to teaching them about their seven Mitzvos, which is permitted for them to learn, because it is a Mitzvah to teach them about the seven Mitzvos. Tosfos answers that the Gemara is talking about a situation in which there is a fellow Goy that is willing to teach him Torah. Since he is able to learn Torah without your help the prohibition of placing a stumbling block no longer applies.

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Chagigah 13 - HALACHA What is the difference between the Ma'aseh Merkavah and Ma'aseh Bereishis? It is forbidden to expound on the Ma'aseh Merkavah even to one individual unless he is a sage and is capable of understanding on his own, it is only permitted to give over the headings. It is permitted to expound on the Ma'aseh Bereishis to one individual even if he is not capable of understanding on his own and he may be taught everything that you know regarding the Ma'aseh Bereishis. Why is it forbidden to expound on these things publicly? The reason is that not everyone is astute enough to comprehend the explanation and elucidation of these topics. (Rambam Hilchos Yesodei Torah 4:11)

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Chagigah 12 - SUMMARY The height of Adam ha'Rishon was from the earth until the sky, and once he sinned, Hashem Yisborach placed His hand on him and diminished him. Ten things were created on the first day of creation. (1) Tohu is a green line that encircles the world and radiates darkness. Bohu are damp stones that are situated in the depths and emit water. It is a dispute between the Tana'im whether a special light was created on the first day of creation and subsequently hidden away for the Tzadikim. (2) When Hashem created the world, it persisted in expanding like two balls of thread until Hashem yelled at it and it stopped. The sea also persisted in expanding until Hashem yelled at it and it dried up. It is a dispute between the Tana'im whether the heaven or the earth was created first. (3) Hashem Yisborach took fire and water, mixed them together and created the heaven. The world stands on pillars. (4) R. Yehudah says that there are two heavens and Reish Lakish says there are seven heavens. Reish Lakish says anyone who learns Torah at night; Hashem Yisborach graces him with a thread of favor at daytime. (5) Anyone who interrupts Torah learning with idle chatter is fed fiery coals.
 
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1. The sky, earth, Tohu, Bohu, light, darkness, wind, water and the length of the day and night were all created on the first day. 2. According to R. Yakov, a person could see from one end of the world to the other with the light that was created on the first day. The Chachamim hold that the light that was created on the first day is the same light that was placed in the Heavens on the fourth day of creation. 3. Beis Shamai holds the heaven was created first, Beis Hillel holds the earth was created first, and the Chachamim hold that they were both created at the same time. 4. Some say it stands on twelve pillars, others say it stands on seven pillars, and the third opinion is that it stands on one pillar. 5. Alternatively anyone who learns Torah in this world which is analogous to night; Hashem Yisborach graces him with a thread of favor in the next world which is analogous to day.

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Chagigah 12 - INSIGHTS According to one opinion, Hashem created a special light during the first day of creation. When He saw the future deeds of the evildoers, He subsequently put it away for the Tzadikim in the next world. Since Hashem is aware in the first place of the future deeds of the Resha'im why did He create the light at all? Why didn't He wait until the next world to create it? The answer is that it is an encouragement to the Tzadikim that they will be rewarded for their toil with something that already exists, not with something that has yet to be created. Alternatively, the answer is because everything was created during the six days of creation even things that will not be used until the next world. (Ben Yehoyada)

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Chagigah 12 - HALACHA A person who wishes to merit the crown of Torah should be diligent every single night and should not waste even one of them with sleeping, eating, drinking, conversing or the like. Instead a person should spend the evening conversing with words of wisdom and the study of Torah. A person learns the majority of his wisdom at night. (Shulchan Aruch YD 246:23) The Prishah says that even in the summer when the nights are short a person must learn at least a little bit of Torah every night. (Shach)

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