Revach L'Neshama http://revach.net/ RSS feed for - Section: DAF YOMI Copyright 2007, Revach L'Neshama en-US Revach L'Neshama Logo 144 31 http://revach.net/img/small_header.jpg http://revach.net/ info@revach.net Sun, 30 Aug 2015 03:00:00 -0700 240 Nazir 9 - SUMMARY If someone says that I am a Nazir from dried and pressed figs according to Bais Shamai he is a Nazir, but not according to Bais Hillel. R. Yehudah says that according to Bais Shamai he is not a Nazir, but he is prohibited from eating dried and pressed figs like a Korban. (1) R. Me'ir holds that a person does not make a Neder for naught. (2) Bais Hillel holds that when someone says that I am a Nazir from dried and pressed figs it is a Neder and a retraction of the Neder. (3) Bais Shamai holds that one may not be released from Hekdesh or from Nezirus. Bais Hillel holds like R. Shimon that if a person says I am bringing a Minchah of barley, he is Patur because he didn’t make a Nedavah in the customary fashion. (4) R. Nasan says that if someone says that I am a Nazir from dried and pressed figs it is both a Neder and a Nezirus according to Bais Shamai and according to Bais Hillel it is only a Neder (5) According to the Tanah Kamah, if someone says I will bring a Minchah of barley or of Kemach or he must bring a Minchah of wheat from Soles. (6) If someone says I will bring a Minchah without oil and Levonah, or of a half of an Isaron, he must bring a Minchah with oil and Levonah and of a full Isaron. Chilkiyah says that everyone agrees that if someone says that I will bring a Minchah from lentils that he is Pastur from bringing a Minchah. (7) R. Yochanan says that even if someone says that I will bring a Minchah from lentils he must bring a Minchah from wheat. (8)
 
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1. It is as if he said that dried and pressed figs shall be forbidden to him like a Korban 2. Therefore if somebody says Erech Kli Alay since he knows that the Parshah of Eiruchin doesn’t apply to utensils he must mean that he wants to be Makdish the value of the utensil and he is obligated to give its value to Hekdesh 3. Bais Hillel holds like R. Yose’i that we take into account the end of a person’s statement, therefore the retraction is taken into account and he is not a Nazir. 4. Therefore someone who says that will be a Nazir from dried and pressed figs he is not prohibited from eating figs because he didn’t make a Neder in the customary fashion . 5. According to the second version of the Be’raysah it is only a Neder according to Bais Shamai and it is neither a Neder nor a Nezirus according to Bais Hillel. 6. R. Shimon holds that he is Patur since he didn’t make the Nedavah in the customary fashion. 7. Lentils are never used for a Minchah and therefore a person would not make a mistake to think that he can bring a Minchas Nedaavah from lentils. . 8. R. Yochanan himself holds that he is Patur from bringing a Minchah and he only says that he is Chayav in accordance with the Sevarah of Chizkiyah.

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Nazir 9 - INSIGHTS A DAVAR HA’NADUR Bais Shamai holds that although a Chacham may release a person from a Neder he may not release a person from a Neder of Hekdesh. The reason a Chacham may not release a person from a Neder of Hekdesh is because Bais Shamai holds Hekesh b’Taus (by mistake) is a valid Hekdesh. A Chacham makes a Neder into a Neder Tan’us, but that doesn’t work with Hekdesh since Hekesh b’Taus (by mistake) is a valid Hekdesh. (Tosofos)

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Nazir 9 - HALACHA NAZIR OLAM If someone says that I am a Nazir from dried or pressed figs or of something similar he is forbidden to eat them but he is not a Nazir. (Rambam Hilchos Nezirus1:10) This is not correct because the Stam Mishnah is not like R. Nasan who says that according to Bais Hillel it is a Neder, but not a Nezirus. (Ravad)

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Nazir 9 - LAMDAN Bais Shamai holds that one may not be released from a Neder of Hekdesh and therefore one may also not be released from Nezirus. Why does Nezirus have the same Din as Hekdesh? Author’s Comment to Yesterday’s Lamdan The Rosh says that he has in mind for however the Chachamim understand his Lashon.

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Nazir 8 - SUMMARY If someone says that I am a Nazir like the hair on my head, or the dirt in the ground, or the sand in the sea he is a Nazir forever (1) Rebbi says that he may not cut his hair every thirty days unless he says he is taking upon himself Nezirus like the hair on my head. (2) If someone says that I am a Nazir for the volume of a house or the box, we ask him what he meant and if he says I meant Achas Gedolah he is a Nazir for thirty days. (3) If he says Stam Nazarti we imagine that the house is full of mustard seeds and he is a Nazir for life. If someone says that I am a Nazir from here until a certain place if the place is within a 30 day walk he is a Nazir for 30 days. If the place is more than a 30 day walk, he is a Nazir for the number of days that it takes to walk. R. Shimon says that if someone vows he will be a Nazir if this pile of grain consists of 100 Kor and the grain is lost or stolen, he is a Nazir m'Safek. R. Yehudah says that he is not a Nazir because Safek Nezirus is l'Kula (lenient). R. Yehudah says that if someone says that he will be a Nazir for the number of piles of figs, or the number of paths of Shemitah, he must count separate Nezirus for each one. If someone says that I will be a Nazir like the number of the days of the solar year or lunar year he must keep separate Nezirus for each day. Rebbi says that he keeps one long Nezirus unless he says that I am taking upon myself Nezirus like the number of the days of the year If someone says that I will be a Nazir for all of my life or that I will be a Nazir Olam he has the Din of a Nazir Olam. (4) If he says that I will be a Nazir for a thousand years he is not a Nazir Olam; he is a Nazir forever. (5) If someone says that I will be a Nazir and one he must count two separate Nezirus, if he says and one and another he must count three separate Nezirus. If he says I will be a Nazir and one and another and again he must count four separate Nezirus. A house is only susceptible to Tu’mas Nega’im if it has four corners.
 
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1. Every thirty days he must cut his hair and immediately start a new Nezirus 2. If he says Nazir and not Nezirus he is taking upon himself one long Nezirus and not many short Nezirus. . 3. Because he meant that he the Nezirus is as long to him as if it was the volume of the house. 4. And he may trim his hair when it gets long. 5. And he may never cut his hair.

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Nazir 8 - INSIGHTS NEZIRUS The Rosh says that if someone takes upon himself Nezirus like the hair on his head he must cut his hair and bring his Korbanos on each thirty first day and immediately start a new Nezirus on the same day. He may not delay bringing his Korbanos even if he continues to keep all of the Dinim of Nezirus. Even though a Nazir normally may delay bringing his Korbanos as long as he continues to keep all of the Dinim of Nezirus, however in this case since he took upon himself may Nezirus, he may not delay the Korbanos so that he can immediately start his new Nezirus.

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Nazir 8 - HALACHA MANY NEZIRUS If someone says that I will be a Nazir and one he must count two separate Nezirus, if he says I will be a Nazir and one and another he must count three separate Nezirus. If he says I will be a Nazir and one and another and again, he must count four separate Nezirus (Rambam Hilchos Nezirus 3:8)

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Nazir 8 - LAMDAN If someone says that I am a Nazir the volume of a house or box we ask him what he meant and if he says If he says Stam Nazarti we imagine that the house is full of mustard seeds and he is a Nazir for life. what is meant by Stam Nazarti? Author’s Comment to Yesterday’s Lamdan Rashi says in Meseches Megilah that if someone makes a Neder for one year when the Jewish year is up his Neder is over even though a Jewish year is 11 days less than a non- Jewish year and some months of the year are only 29 days.

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Nazir 7 - SUMMARY A year is counted by months not by days. (1) If someone says that I am a Nazir Achas Gedolah or Achas Ketanah, even if he says from here until the end of the world, he is only a Nazir for 30 days. (2) If someone says that I am a Nazir from here until a certain place if the place is within a 30 day walk he is a Nazir for 30 days. If the place is more than a 30 day walk, he is a Nazir for the number of days that it takes to walk. (3) If someone says that I am a Nazir like the hair on my head, or the dirt in the ground, or the sand in the sea he is a Nazir forever. (4) If someone says that I am a Nazir for my whole life he is a Nazir Olam. (5) If someone says that I am a Nazir for a thousand years he is a regular Nazir for a thousand years; not a Nazir Olam. If someone says that I am a Nazir and one day, or a Nazir and one hour, or he says that I am a Nazir one and a half, he must count two separate Nezirus. If someone says that I am a Nazir for thirty days and one hour he is a Nazir for thirty one days. If someone says that I am a Nazir for thirty days and one day he must count two separate Nezirus. (6) If someone sells a house to his friend, the wells are not included even if he writes that he is selling the depth and the height. R. Akiva says that when a person sells a house he must buy a path from the buyer in order to reach the wells. (7) The Chachamim hold that he doesn’t have to buy a path and R. Akiva agrees that if he writes, accept for the wells, he doesn’t have to buy a path. (8)
 
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1. Only months are counted by days. 2 Because we interpret his words that he is saying that it is as long to him as if it was from now until the end of the world. 3. Rava says that he already started traveling at the time he made the Neder otherwise he would only be a Nazir for thirty days. 4. Every thirty days he must cut his hair and immediately start a new Nezirus. . 5. And when his hair gets long he may trim his hair. 6. Since he used an extra Lashon of Yom his intention is for an extra Nezirus. 7. Because a seller sells with a good eye and he didn’t leave a path for himself. 8. He didn’t have to write except for the wells because they are anyway not included and therefore the extra Lashon that he used is because he wanted to keep a path for himself.

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Nazir 7 - INSIGHTS DAY AND NIGHT The Gemarah says that one day is not distinct from the next day. The Maharitz Chiyus explains that days are not regarded as distinct from each other because when it is night in one place it is morning in another place and when it is Sunday in one place it is Monday in another place depending on the location.

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Nazir 7 - HALACHA NAZIR OLAM If someone says that I am a Nazir for one hour he is a Nazir for thirty days. If he says that I am a Nazir for thirty days and one hour he is a Nazir for thirty one days because a person can’t be a Nazir for hours (less than a day). (Rambam Hilchos Nezirus 3:4)

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Nazir 7 - LAMDAN What is the significance of the fact that we don’t count years by the days? Author’s Comment to Yesterday’s Lamdan The Rosh says that the concept of part of the day is like the whole day only applies once he brings his Korbanos according to the Tanah Kamah.

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