Revach L'Neshama http://revach.net/ RSS feed for - Section: DAF YOMI Copyright 2007, Revach L'Neshama en-US Revach L'Neshama Logo 144 31 http://revach.net/img/small_header.jpg http://revach.net/ info@revach.net Sat, 04 Jul 2015 03:00:00 -0700 240 Nedarim 42 - SUMMARY If someone vows prior to Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from him the friend may not enter his field and may not eat the overhanging fruit. If someone vows prior to Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from his food the friend may enter his field, but may not eat the fruit. If someone vows on Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from his food he may enter his field and eat the fruit. If someone vows prior to Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from Nichsa段 E段lu he may not enter his field and he may not eat the overhanging fruit even on Shvi段s. (1) If someone vows on Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from his property he may not enter his field but he may eat the overhanging fruit. (2) If someone vows on Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from his property if the fruit is impossible to pick without entering the field he may he may enter the field in order to pick the fruit. R. Shimon Ben Elyakim holds that he may not enter the field even if it is impossible to pick the fruit without entering the field. (3) If someone vows prior to Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from Nechsa段 Alechah he may not enter his field or eat the fruit but on Shvi段s he may eat the overhanging fruit. If a father vows that his son may not benefit from him the son inherits him when he dies. If the father vows that his son may not benefit from him in my lifetime and after my death the son doesn稚 inherit him. (4) If someone vows to his friend that I will not enter your house or buy your field, if the friend dies or sells it to someone else it is permitted to him. If someone vows to his friend that I will not enter this house or buy this field, even if the friend dies or sells it to someone else it is forbidden to him.
 
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1. Even though the fruit is Hefker on Shvi段s he is capable of prohibiting them even after they become Hefker because at the time of the Neder they were not yet Hefker. 2. Since at the time he made the Neder the fruit is already Hefker he doesn稚 have the ability to prohibit them. 3. Because of a Geze段rah that he may stay too long in the field. 4. Although the son may not benefit from the property after the death of his father however the inheritance does technically belong to him.

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Nedarim 42 - INSIGHTS STANDING TOO LONG If someone vows on Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from his property if the fruit is impossible to pick without entering the field he may enter the field in order to pick the fruit. R. Shimon Ben Elyakim holds that he may not enter the field even if it is impossible to pick the fruit without entering the field because of a Geze段rah that he may stay too long in the field. The Ran asks why are were the Rabbanan concerned that he may stay in the field too long even though he is standing while previously Shmuel said that if someone is visiting an ill person that he may not sit because we are concerned that he will sit too long, but he may stand because we are not concerned that he will stand too long. The Ran answers that when visiting the sick it is normal to sit and since we force him to stand he will remember not to stay to long. However when picking fruit it is normal to stand and there is nothing to remind him not to stay too long.

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Nedarim 42 - HALACHA FRUIT OF SHVI棚S If Shimon prohibited Re置ven from benefiting from him, Re置ven may not enter the field of Shimon even on Shvi段s when everything is Hefker. If he made the Neder on Shvi段s he may eat the overhanging fruit but he may not enter the field to eat fruit even though the land is Hefker on Shvi段s because of a Geze段rah that he may stay in the field even after he eats the fruit, and the land is only Hefker while it still has fruit. Rambam Hilchos Nedarim 6:13)

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Nedarim 42 - LAMDAN If someone vows prior to Shvi段s that his friend may not benefit from Nichsa段 E段lu even upon the onset of Shvi段s he may not eat the fruit. Even though the fruit is Hefker on Shvi段s since he made the Neder prior to Shvi段s he has the ability to prohibit them even after they become Hefker. Does he have the ability to prohibit fruit that only started sprouting on Shvi段s or may he only prohibit fruit that sprouted prior to Shvi段s? Author痴 Comment on Yesterday痴 Lamdan The Maharal says that a Choleh has reached the gates of death and therefore it is Midah k誰eded Midah that the visitor is saved from the gates of Gehinom which is the ultimate death.

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Nedarim 41 - SUMMARY The only type of poverty that is significant is a poverty of knowledge. An ill person is not cured until his sins are forgiven. An ill person is liable to forget his learning. R. Yosef forgot his learning as a result of a sickness and Abaye retrieved it for him. The miracle of the healing of an ill person is greater than the miracle of the Chanayeh Misha弾l and Azaryah. (1) Once a person reaches his end everyone has power over him. One shall not visit a person who is ill with intestinal illness, headache, or eye ache. If someone makes a Neder that his friend may not benefit from him he may provide his friend with medical care but not for his friend痴 animal. (2) If someone makes a Neder that he will not benefit from his friend he may wash with him in a large bathtub and sleep with him in a bed. (3) R. Me'ir holds that he may not wash with him in a bathtub at all and he may not sleep with in a bed even in a large bed in the summertime. (4) He may eat on the same table as him but not from the same plate.(5) If someone makes a Neder that he will not benefit from his co-worker he may not eat with him from the communal plate for the workers. He also may not work on the same row of the vineyard as his co-worker if they are in close proximity. (6) R. Me'ir holds that he may not work on the same row as his co-worker even if he keeps his distance. (7)
 
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1. An ill person is saved from the fire of Shamayim while Chanayeh Misha弾l and Azaryah were only saved from an earthly fire. 2. However he may provide medical advice for his friend痴 animal. 3. R. Yehudah explains that he may only sleep with him in a large bed if it is wintertime because otherwise he is befitting from his friend痴 warmth. However in the summertime he may sleep with him in a small bed. 4. R. Me'ir holds that even in a big bathtub it is forbidden to wash with him because of Geze段rah that he may end up washing with him in small bathtub and he may not sleep with him in a big bed even in the summer because of a Geze段rah that he may end up sleeping with him in a small bed during the winter. 5. He may not eat on the same plate with him because if one eats less than the other he is benefiting from his friend because he now has more to eat. He may eat with him on the same plate if the plate is very large because there is enough food for all of them to eat as much as they could. 6. Because when his co-worker digs into the dirt of the vineyard he is loosening up the dirt for him and thus he is benefiting him. 7. It is forbidden because of a Geze段rah that he may end up working in close proximity of his co-worker.

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Nedarim 41 - INSIGHTS EMUNAH AND DA但S The only type of poverty that is significant is a poverty of knowledge. The Ben Yehoyadah explains that the letters of the name 羨dam Alef, Daled Mem stand for Emunah, Da誕s and Melachah. A person was born to toil and that is represented by the letter 閃em which stands for Melachah. However Melachah without Emunah and Da誕s is worthless. Therefore if you have Da誕s and Emunah you have everything because that makes the Melachah that one is occupied in meaningful, but if one does not have Da誕s and Emunah he has nothing because without Da誕s and Emunah no matter what Melalchah one is involved in it has no meaning or significance.

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Nedarim 41 - HALACHA FREE MEDICAL CARE If Re置ven prohibited Shimon from benefiting from him if Re置ven is a doctor he may provide Shimon with a medical care if the Minhag is that a doctor does not receive payment from the patient. Re置ven may provide care for Shimon even if there are other doctors available to care for him. However if the Minhag is that the patient pays the doctor it is forbidden for Re置ven to provide free medical care for Shimon. 4(Shulchan Aruch EH 221:) However if Shimon pays Re置ven for the medical care it is permitted even if there other doctors available. (Shach)

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Nedarim 41 - LAMDAN Once a person reaches his end everyone has power over him. Does this mean that once s person reaches the end of his life his death may be caused by an innocuous cause, or that a person loses his Heavenly Shemirah when he reaches the end of his life? Author痴 Comment on Yesterday痴 Lamdan The Maharal says that a Choleh has reached the gates of death and therefore it is Midah k誰eded Midah that the visitor be saved from the gates of Gehinom which is the ultimate death.

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Nedarim 40 - SUMMARY R. Akiva says that if a person fails to visit the ill it is as if he spilled blood. A person who visits the ill Davens for him that he shall live and a person who fails to visit the ill doesn稚 Daven for him that he will live or that he will die. On the first day that Rava was sick he didn稚 publicize it but after the first day he publicized it so that people will Daven for him.(1) Anyone who visits the ill is saved from the Din of Gehinom. Anyone who visits the ill is protected from the evil inclination and will be honored by everyone. If youth advise you to build and elders advise you to destroy the advice of the elders shall be heeded because the destruction of the elders is constructive. An ill person shall not be visited during the first and last three hours of the day. (2) The Shechinah resides over the bed of a Choleh. Someone who visits a Choleh shall sit on the ground, not a bed or a stool. (3) Rav says that if the river Peras in Bavel is flowing mightily that is an indication of heavy rainfall in Eretz Yisrael. (4) Shmuel says that a river produces water from its source and no matter how much it rains the rainwater will remain a minimum. (5) The statement of Shmuel that an immersion in the river Peras is only effective in the month of Tishre段 contradicts his previous statement. (6) The father of Shmuel made Mikvaos for his daughters during the month of Nisan and set up mats for them in Tishre段. (7)
 
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1. If his enemies gloat over the news the Heavenly Din will be turned onto his enemies. 2. During the first three hours the sickness lightens and the visitor will not bother to Daven for him and during the last three hours he will seem so sick that the visitor will lose hope and will not Daven. 3. Because the Shechinah resides above the bed of a Choleh. 4. Peras flows from Eretz Yisrael to Bavel and when it rains in Eretz Yisrael the river has stronger currents. A ritual immersion in a river is only effective if the rainwater in the river is a minimum. Once the rainwater is a majority the river is no longer valid for immersion because rainwater only purifies when it stands in one place, not when it is flowing. 5. Shmuel holds that a river is always a valid place for immersion; the rainwater is always a minimum because for every drop of rainwater that falls into the river 2 drops of water is produced from its source. 6. According to this statement of Shmuel rainwater invalidates a river for ritual immersion and the only time we can be assured that the rainwater in the river is a minimum is in the month of Tishre段 because Tishre段 is not the rain season and there is no longer any melting snow flowing into the river. However, during all other months Peras is not Kosher for immersion because of the concern that the rainwater or melting snow will be the majority in the river and invalidate it for immersion. 7. The father of Shmuel holds that rainwater does invalidate a river for immersion and therefore during Nisan he did not allow his daughters to immerse in the river and made Mikvaos for them instead. During the month of Tishre段 he allowed them to immerse in the river and set up mats for them so that the mud won稚 get into their feet and create a Chatzitzah.

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Nedarim 40 - INSIGHTS A HEARTFELT PRAYER A person who visits the ill Davens for him that he shall live and a person who fails to visit the ill doesn稚 Daven for him that he will live or that he will die. The Ran explains that when a person Davens for a Choleh at the time that he is Mevaker Cholim it is a more effective Tefilah and has an increased chance of being answered. The Chasam Sofer explains that our sages teach us that when a person is Davening for the ill in the presence of the Choleh he doesn稚 have to mention the name of the Choleh in his Tefillos. The Mekubalim teach us that when the name of the ill is mentioned in the Tefilah it instigates a slight persecution of the Choleh in heaven. However the Toeles of the Tefillah outweighs any persecution that is caused by mentioning his name. However on occasion the Tefilah causes some damage to the Choleh. If the Tefilah is in the presence of the Choleh and the name doesn稚 have to be mentioned at all it is a more effective Tefilah. If a person is not in the presence of the Choleh at times the Tefilah served the opposite purpose that is intended.

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Nedarim 40 - HALACHA VISITING THE ILL One should not visit the ill during the first three hours of the day because the illness tens to be less severe at that time and the visitor will not bother to Daven. One should also not visit the ill the last three hours of the day because the illness is graver at that time and the visitor will lose hope and will not bother to Daven. If someone visits the ill but does not Daven for him he has not fulfilled the Mitzvah. When one Davens for the ill in his presence he may Davne in any language but if the ill person is not present he may only Daven in Lashon ha'Kodesh. (Shulchan Aruch YD 335:4, 5) When one Davens in the presence of the Choleh the Shechinah is present and therefore the Tefilah may be said in any language. (Shach)

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Nedarim 40 - LAMDAN Anyone who visits the will be saved from the Din of Gehinom. What is the Midah k誰eded Midah when he is saved from the Din of Gehinom? Author痴 Comment on Yesterday痴 Lamdan Visiting a Choleh is a Mitzvah and it is forbidden to take wages for a Mitzvah. However although one is obligated to visit the sick he is only obligated to stand not to sit, therefore since sitting is not an obligation it is permitted for him to take wages for it.

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