Revach L'Neshama http://revach.net/ RSS feed for - Section: HALACHA Category:TEFILA Copyright 2007, Revach L'Neshama en-US Revach L'Neshama Logo 144 31 http://revach.net/img/small_header.jpg http://revach.net/ info@revach.net Thu, 19 Oct 2017 03:00:00 -0700 240 Important Message From Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach - Say Borchu And You Could Be Out! http://revach.net/article.php?id=4569 http://revach.net/article.php?id=4569 Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Halichos Shlomo Tefila (6:13 footnote Chuf) says that Borchu after Yishtabach is considered part of Birchas Krias Shema.  Therefore if you are in middle of Pisukei DiZimra and answer Borchu with the intention that you are saying Borchu before Yotzer Ohr, it is as if you have started Birchas Krias Shema.  In that case you would not be allowed to go back and finish Pisukei DiZimra or even say Yishtabach and you will have lost out on the bracha.

What you should do in that case, says Rav Shlomo Zalman, is answer Borchu with the intention that you are answering Borchu because the shul is saying but not because it is part of your davening.

Rav Shlomo Zalman said many times that this should be publicized because most people don't know it.  The sad side effect is that even if we do it as Rav Shlomo Zalman says, then our tefila is not complete as we have lost out on the Borchu before Yotzer Ohr.

Important Note: We bring this tshuvah as a starting point for discussion and not to convey any halacha.  We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Wed, 26 May 2010 03:00:00 -0700
Sitting In Shul Or Giving A Drasha With Your Back Towards The Aron Kodesh http://revach.net/article.php?id=4561 http://revach.net/article.php?id=4561 The Rema (OC 150:5) says that in Shul everyone should sit facing the Aron Kodesh.  The Mishna Brura  (14) says that because of this seats between the Bima and Aron Kodesh can be problematic since it would be assur to face the Bima with your back towards the Aron.  However he brings the Pri Megadim that you may sit with your back to the Bima and facing the Aron Kodesh even while the Sefer Torah is on the Bima since the Bima is high and wide enough that it is a separate Reshus.

If so asks the Shaarei Tshuva how can a Rov Give a drasha with his back to the Aron Kodesh?  He says that since the Aron is also a separate Reshus and it is only a temporary situation (since he is standing - Pischei Tshuvos) it is permissible.  This Heter says the Pischei Tshuvos is only for a Drasha L'Tzorech Mitzva.  For a speech about technical Shul matters there is no heter.  

He also adds that if the Drasha is not L'Shem Shamayim but rather for the glory of the speaker it is also assur.  Therefore he says some Gedolim in their humility were makpid not to stand with their back directly towards the Aron during drashos but rather on an angle.

Important Note: We bring this tshuvah as a starting point for discussion and not to convey any halacha.  We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Sun, 23 May 2010 03:00:00 -0700
Shela HaKadosh: Tough Decisions About Where To Daven http://revach.net/article.php?id=4294 http://revach.net/article.php?id=4294 During Makas Barad, Moshe Rabbeinu told Paroh (VaEirah 9:29), "K'Tzeisi Es Ha'Ir Efros Es Kappai El Hashem", when I leave the city I will spread my hands in tefila to Hashem.  Rashi says that Moshe Rabbeinu would not daven in the capital city because is was full of Avoda Zara.

The Shela HaKadosh says that we learn from Moshe Rabbeinu that you may not daven in a place that has Avodah Zara or pigs or other dirt.  Therefore he says when a person is on the road and will be staying in a hotel where this could be an issue, it is better to daven on the road in a clean place rather even sitting down, rather than wait until to you arrive at your hotel where this could be an issue.

Where this comes into play today is a question that needs research, but what is clear is that anything that is a Shemetz Avodah Zara or Tinofes is assur to daven next to, whether in a hotel room or even in our own homes.   It is better to daven in a place that is less conducive to davening than to daven in a place that is assur, even if we are more comfortable with it.

Important Note: We bring this tshuvah as a starting point for discussion and not to convey any halacha.  We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Tue, 12 Jan 2010 03:00:00 -0800
Debriciner Rov: Walking To Get A Siddur From Al HaNisim In Middle Of Shmoneh Esrei http://revach.net/article.php?id=4233 http://revach.net/article.php?id=4233 If a person is in middle of Shmoneh Esrei and needs a Siddur to say Yaaleh V'Yavo which he doesn't know by heart, the Debriciner Rov (Be'er Moshe 3:13) says that he may walk away from his place to get a siddur, since his davening is not valid without Yaaleh V'Yavo.

Even though you are yotzei Shmoneh Esrei if you didn't say Al HaNisim, nevertheless the din remains the same and you may go get yourself a siddur right in the middle of Shmoneh Esrei.

He gives two reasons why he unequivocally allows this.  First because we don't find walking to be a hefsek anywhere.  Talking is a hefsek, walking is not.  Second, he says that since it is L'Tzorech Tefila it is not considered a hefsek in any event.  Furthermore he says that if a sefer fell on the floor and it is disturbing you from davening Shmoneh Esrei, you may leave your place to pick it up.

Nevertheless in both these cases, he says, if possible it is better to motion to someone who is not davening rather than going yourself.

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Wed, 16 Dec 2009 03:00:00 -0800
Rav Moshe Feinstein - Davening On An Airplane http://revach.net/article.php?id=4001 http://revach.net/article.php?id=4001 If a person needs to daven on an airplane it is permitted to daven Shomeh Esrei sitting down if standing up is difficult and it will disturb him from davening with the proper Kavanah. However, he should stand up prior to the parts of the Shomeh Esrei that require bending down. After he bends down he may sit down again. If the plane lands before the end of the Zman Tefillah he is not obligated to daven again even though he davened while sitting. (Igros Moshe OC 4:20)

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Thu, 13 Aug 2009 03:00:00 -0700
Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach - When A Woman Misses Zman Tefila http://revach.net/article.php?id=3990 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3990 Zman Tefilas Shmoneh Esrei in the morning is until 4 hours after the day starts (subject to the machlokes Gra and Mogen Avrohom whether that is Netz HaChamah or Alos HaShachar).  If someone doesn't daven before four hours he may daven until Chatzos bidieved.  Some poskim hold that if he intentionally did not daven before four hours he may not daven afterward until chatzos.  What happens when a woman doesn't have a chance to daven before four hours, should she daven until Chatzos?

Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Halichos Shlomo 8:42) says that while the minhag of the world is that a woman does daven after four hours until chatzos, nevertheless he says that it is preferable that she does not do so.  His reasoning is that the Chiyuv Tefila Min Hatorah is to daven once a day and the Rabbanan were Misaken Tefila three times a day.  The Mishna Brura (106:4) says that women should daven twice a day, both Shacharis and Mincha, while the Mogen Avrohom holds that women only need to say a short tefila once a day.

Therefore says Rav Shlomo Zalman since she only really needs to daven once a day according to the Mogen Avrohom, it is better not to daven during a questionable time.  Better to wait for Zman Mincha and daven then, even though given the chance, Shacharis is preferable to Mincha.  
 
Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Mon, 10 Aug 2009 03:00:00 -0700
Can You Say Tehilim By Heart? http://revach.net/article.php?id=3846 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3846 Since Chazal tell us that Torah SheBichsav should not be said Ba'al Peh, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch says (1:6) that the less common Pirkei Tehilim that not everyone knows fluently by heart ,should not be said by heart, even by those who know them well.  A blind person however may say it by heart.

The She'arim Metzuyanim BaHalacha brings from the Chavas Yair that any perakim of tehilim that are recited everyday are considered well known and may be said by heart.  He also brings the Chasam Sofer who says that all Tehilim can be said by heart since Chazal were Misaken Tehilim from the beginning to said by heart unlike all other Torah SheBichsav.  He says that surely the Levi'im who sang in the Bais HaMikdash did not read from Sidurim while they sang, nor did the people who squeezed into the Bais HaMikdash for Korban Pesach say Hallel from a Sidur.

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Thu, 11 Jun 2009 03:00:00 -0700
Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach: Shabbos Davening - Weekday Shmoneh Esrei With Ya'aleh V'Yavo? http://revach.net/article.php?id=3827 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3827

If someone by mistake davens a weekday Shmoneh Esrei on Shabbos or Yom Tov he is Yotzei Bidieved.  Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach was asked (Aleihu Lo Yibol OC 194), if someone is a place where he doesn't  have a Siddur and does not know Shabbos Shmoneh Esrei by heart, should he say the weekday Shmoneh Esrei or since he can't say Shabbos Shmoneh Esrei he is an Ones and he is Patur from Tefila, and we don't advise him to say weekday Shmoneh Esrei?

Rav Shlomo Zalman said that he should daven weekday Shmoneh Esrei.  But, says Rav Shlomo Zalman if this happens on Yom Tov he must add Ya'aleh V'Yavo and on Shabbos he should also mention Shabbos in his Tefila.  "Where should he add Shabbos", asked the questioner.  Rav Shlomo Zalman answered that he should add Ya'aleh V'Yavo and say "B'Yom HaShabbos HaZeh".

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Fri, 05 Jun 2009 03:00:00 -0700
Rav Moshe Feinstein: Davening On An Airplane http://revach.net/article.php?id=3765 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3765

If a person needs to daven on an airplane it is permitted to daven Shomeh Esrei sitting down, if standing up is difficult and it will disturb him from davening with the proper Kavanah. However he should stand up prior to the parts of the Shomeh Esrei that require bending down. After he bends down he may sit down again. If the plane lands before the end of the Zman Tefillah he is not obligated to daven again even though he davened while sitting. (Igros Moshe OC 4:20)

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions. 

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Thu, 21 May 2009 03:00:00 -0700
She'arim Metzuyanim B'Halacha: Which Shul Should You Daven In? http://revach.net/article.php?id=3762 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3762 The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (12:9) brings that if there are two Shuls in your city, you should go to the further one since you have Schar Pesios, a reward for each step you take.  The She'arim Metzuyanim B'Halacha says this is based on a Mogen Avrohom (90:22).

However he brings from the Sidur Bais Oveid that this only applies to women not to men as the Mekor in the gemara Soteh (22a) that talks about Schar Pesios refers to a women.  The difference being that a women is not required to daven in Shul.  Since a man must daven in shul, if he may not pass by one shul to go to a further one because Ein Ma'avirim Al HaMitzvos, we don't skip over mitzvos.   

However ays the She'arim Metzuyanim B'Halacha this rule only applies if there is no legitimate reason to skip over the mitzva.  In that case it is an insult to the mitzva.  But if you have a reason to daven at the other shul then this Klal does not apply and you may daven in the shul where you feel more comfortable and you will daven better.

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Sun, 17 May 2009 03:00:00 -0700
Rav Moshe Shternbuch: No Minyan For Davening, What About Less? http://revach.net/article.php?id=3715 http://revach.net/article.php?id=3715

Rav Moshe Shternbuch was asked (2:57) by the people of a small town who could not get a minyan together every day, if it was worthwhile to gather together to daven with five or six people or since this is not a Minyan there is no point and each one could daven alone?

He answered that even three people davening together is considered a "Rabim", a multitude which he proves from the gemara in Gitin (30a).  Since the gemara in Brachos says that Hashem does not turn away the Tefilos of a "Rabim" it is better to daven three men together than alone.

He then says that the Maharam Bennet (Talmid of the Noda B'Yehuda) wants to say that it is worthwhile for even two men to daven together.   The Braisa says that two men can leave a dead body alone on a boat while they daven.  If it wasn't important to daven together, then it would be better if one of them would stay with the niftar.

Although Rav Shternbuch disagrees with that proof, nevertheless he says that if you can have a minimum of three then it is better than davening alone.

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation.  Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions. 

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Tue, 05 May 2009 03:00:00 -0700